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“Fortifications and Military Heritage of Sri Lanka”

05novAll Day07“Fortifications and Military Heritage of Sri Lanka”

Event Details


“Fortifications and Military Heritage of Sri Lanka”

1st National Conference on Fortifications and Military Heritage


5th and 6th November 2022, PGIAR, Colombo

Day 1: 5th November 2022 (Saturday)

9.00 – 10.30: Inauguration:

Lighting the oil lamp, Welcome Speech by the President of ICOMOS Sri Lanka,
Objectives of the Conference by Chair, ICOFORT,

Key Note Speech by Lt. Commander (Retired) Somasiri Devendra, Vote of Thanks by Secretary, ICOFORT.

10.30 – 11.00: Tea break

11.00 – 12.40: Session 1: Chair – Prof. Anura Manatunga
Theme: Archaeology and Research

  • Conflict Archaeology as a Field of Inquiry for Sri Lanka’s Military Heritage – Mr. Chryshane Mendis, ICOFORT (SL)
  • පොළොන්නරුව, කදුරුවෙල පැරණි ආරක්‍ෂිත නගරයේ (විජිතුර?) පුරාවිද්‍යාපර්ෂණ (Archaeological Investigations at the Ancient Fortified City (Vijithapura?) at Kaduruvela, Polonnaruva)– Mr. Priyantha Marasinghe,Central Cultural Fund
  • Locational Significance of Jaffna Fort during the Pre-colonial Period and its History during the Portuguese Period – Prof. P. Pushparatnum, University of Jaffna
  • ත්‍රිකුණාමලය ෆෙඩ්‍රික් කොටුව ආරම්භයේ සිට යටත් විජිත යුගයේ අවසානය දක්වා සිදුවූ විකාසනය පිළිබඳ පුරාවිද්‍යාත්මක අධ්‍යයනයක් (An Archaeological Study of the Development of Trincomalee Fort Frederick from the Beginning to the End of the Colonial Period) – Mr. T. D. C. Pushpakumara et al, Central Cultural Fund

12.40 – 13.30: Lunch break

13.30 – 15.15: Session 2: Chair – Prof. Gamini Ranasinghe
Theme: History and Intangible Heritage

  • කැටයම්වල නිරූපිත අවි අනුරාධපුර යුගයේ සිට මහනුවර යුගය දක්වා (Weapons as depicted in Sculptures; from Anuradhapura to Kandyan periods) – Sanjeewani Widyaratna, Department of National Museum
  • Portuguese Fortifications in Sri Lanka: Some facts and other eventual misinterpretations – Dr. Joaquim Rodrigues dos Santos, University of Lisbon
  • මුලතිව් ඔඩ්ඩුසුඩාන් හි 1803 වසරේ පිහිටුවා ඇති බ්‍රිතාන්‍යය යුද සිහිවටන පුවරුව:වන්නියාර්වරු හා ඔවුන්ගේ යුදමය ක්‍රියාකාරකම් (British War Commemorative Plaque of 1803 at Oddusudan, Mulaitivu: History of the Vanniars and their Military Activities) – Ms. Vasana Premachandra et al, Department of Archaeology
  • ත්‍රිකුණාමලය සෝබර් දූපතේ ඇති යටත් විජිත සමයට සමකාලීන විදේශික කුරුටු වැකකි (Colonial Military History as Reflected in the Graffiti at Sober Islandin Trincomalee) – Rev. Mandaramnuvara Chandananda Thero

15.15 – 15.45: Tea break

15.45 – 17.00: Session 3: Chair – Dr. B. D. Nandadeva
Theme: Battle Tactics and Strategies

  • Military Strategy of the Sinhalese and the Organization of the Sinhala Army During Colonial Period – Maj. Gen. (Retired) Mano Perera
  • ‘High Ground’ and the Defence of Kingdoms: Revisiting the Security Thought Process of the Island Nation – Rear Admiral (Retired) Y. N. Jayarathna
  • ඉපැරණි ශ්‍රී ලාංකේය හමුදා ආහාර සැපයුම් ක්‍රියාවලිය (Ancient Sri Lankan military food supply process) – Mr. Isuru Herath, University of Peradeniya

Day 2: 6th November 2022 (Sunday)

9.30 – 10.15: Session 4: Chair – Ms. Sanuja Kasthuriarachchi

  • Guest Presentation on Provenance Research of Military Objects by Dr. Alicia Schrikker, Senior Lecturer, Colonial and Global History, Leiden University, the Netherlands

10.15 – 10.45: Tea break

10.45 – 12.50: Session 5: Chair – Maj. Gen. (Retired) Mano Perera
Theme: Gunpowder Weapons and Projectiles

  • පුරාණ ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ භාවිත කොඩිතුවු තුනක් පිිබඳ විමර්ශනාත්මක අධ්‍යයනයක් (පළමු ප්‍රකාශයට පත්කිරීම) (An Investigative Study of Three Recently Discovered Kodituwakku (Guns) Used in Ancient Sri Lanka (First Publication)) – Mr. Udeni Arunasiri, Department of Archaeology
  • Military Use of Rocket by the Sinhalese as a Gunpowder Projectile Weapon against the Dutch – Mr. Anandalal Nanayakkara, Independent Researcher (Attorney-at-Law)
  • The Cannon of Levuke Dissava Currently Displayed at Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam – Mr. Senarat Wickramasinghe, Department of National Museum
  • Avondster (1659) and HMS Diomede (1795) Shipwrecks: The Comparison of Dutch and British Armament Technologies during 17th and 18th Centuries, as Revealed Through Maritime Archaeological Finds – Mr. Wijamunige Chandraratne, Central Cultural Fund
  • The Lost Military Heritage: The Gun Battery at Galle Face, Colombo – Mr. Chamikara Pilapitiya, Independent Researcher and Expert on the History of Firearms

12.50 – 13.50: Lunch break

13.50 – 14.40: Session 6: Chair – Archt. Hemantha Balachandra

Theme: Conservation, Sustainable Use, and Heritage Interpenetration

  • Malvana: Revealing and Conserving a Lost Inland Fort – Archt. Jayatissa Herath, National Trust – Sri Lanka
  • ත්‍රිකුණාමල ෆෙඩ්‍රික් කොටුවේ RML 07 වර්ගයේ කාලතුවක්කු‍වේ යකඩ කරත්තයේ ස්ථානීය සංරක්ෂණය (In-situ Conservation of a British Steel Carriage Used to Mount a RML 7 Coastal Artillery Gun at Fort Fredrick, Trincomalee) – Mr. Gamini Saman, Central Cultural Fund

14.40 – 15.10: Tea break

15.10 – 16.25: Session 6 (Contd.): Chair – Archt. Hemantha Balachandra4

Theme: Conservation, Sustainable Use, and Heritage Interpenetration

  • Conservation of the Island Fort of Hammenhiel Enabling Adaptive Re-use–Rear Admiral Priyantha Perera, Sri Lanka Navy
  • Mannar Dutch Fort: Adaptive Re-use for Sustainable Development by Transforming the Historic Site as a Major Tourist Destination – Ms. Pubudu
  • Samantilaka, Department of Archaeology
  • Interpreting Military Heritage and Promoting Nocturnal Tourism: The Potential for Establishing Sound and Light Shows in Galle Fort – Ms. Ravini
  • Wimalasuriya, University of Sri Jayewardenepura

16.25 – 17.15: Closing Session: Chair – Prof. Gamini Adikari

(Review and closing remark, handing over the certificates to the participants, etc.)



november 5 (Saturday) - 7 (Monday)


Post Graduate Institute of Archaeology (PGIAR)

No.407, Bauddahloka Mawatha


ICOMOS Sri Lanka

PGIAR Premises, No.407, Bauddahloka Mawatha, Colombo 07. Sri Lanka

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